ECORA is a project carried out by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and initiated by the biodiversity workgroup of the Arctic Council (CAFF), UNEP/GRID-Arendal and the Russian Federation. It uses an integrated approach to ecosystem management for biodiversity conservation and habitat fragmentation minimization in the Russian Arctic. The project closely cooperates with Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North.
The project was a part of the “community monitoring” program of the international Arctic project on the Nenets Autonomous District (Kolguev Island) territory. Its goal was to create a model in which the industrial development of the northern territories would have a minimum negative impact on the ecology and the traditional ways of their inhabitants.
In the Russian Arctic, the ECORA project operated in three model territories:
EthnoExpert took part in the ECORA project at its final stage in 2009. The company’s experts conducted fieldwork on the Kolguev Island. The ways to counteract the possible loss of deer pastures and the indigenous natural resource management were important aspects of the study. In addition, it addressed the problem of regulating the relationship between the indigenous population and oil companies. Ethno-cultural landscape object mapping took place using GPS technologies.
The research results increased the efficiency of reindeer products usage and helped create educational environmental programs included in these model territory schools programs.