The research was carried out for Gazprom’s integrated industrial development of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District. It produces hydrocarbons at the largest deposits in the region. The research aimed at studying the best practices for interaction between enterprises belonging to the Gazprom group of companies, the local population and authorities, and drawing up recommendations for their improvement.
The Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District has one of the biggest natural gas and oil reserves in Russia. It has a more than 70% share in Russia’s natural gas reserve and stores about 20% of all Russian oil. At the same time, this territory inhabited by indigenous small-numbered peoples of the north (Nenets, Selkup, Khanty, etc.). These ethnoses lead a traditional way of life and preserve their own unique culture. Active industrial development in the region creates risks for the preservation of a unique ethno-cultural identity.
Investigations took place in four regions of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District: Yamal, Nadym, Taz and Priural. In the course of the works, experts conducted about 100 expert interviews with Gazprom employees, various government representatives, members of the Yamal and Yamal-descendant indigenous minority associations. Moreover, about experts collected 500 questionnaires assessing the contemporary quality of life of the indigenous population and identifying the most vital problems. “EthnoExpert” analyzed the existing interaction between the main stakeholders and formed proposals for the development of interaction between the population, authorities and industrial companies.